Cats have similar orthopedic problems to dogs, but they also have specific injuries to them. The anatomy of acts can also differ slightly from the dog. The smaller patient often requires special consideration when planning and performing repair of fractures and injured joints. This podcast will discuss the type of orthopedic injuries affecting cats as well as the best way to diagnose and treat these conditions. Postoperative care, follow-up examination and expected outcome will also be discussed.
- Learn the anatomic and functional difference between cat and dog
- Learn the orthopedic problems seen in the cat and the options for diagnosis
- Learn decision-making principles and techniques for successful repair of orthopedic problems in cats
- Arthritis is extremely common in cats, but is not commonly diagnosed due to lack of suspicion and subtle clinical signs.
- Capital physeal and femoral neck fractures are seen in young cats and have different options for treatment.
- Elbow luxation and fracture has many different presentations and methods of treatment.
- Cranial cruciate ligament and meniscal injury is seen commonly in cats and surgical treatment is indicated.
- Muscle and tendon problems are a common cause of lameness in cats that often require surgical repair.
Q: Is arthritis more common in the dog or cat?
A: Depends on how you look at it. Dogs more commonly have clinical signs assocaited with arthritis, but cats may have more radiographic arthritis
Q: What joints are most commonly affected by arthritis in the cat?
A: hip, stifle, tarsus
Q: What are the clinical signs of arthritis in cats
A: Decreased jumping, decreased activity, act like they are aging, less social
Q: How do you treat arthritis in cats
A: Typical drugs used in dogs can be toxic to cats. Supplements such as Antinol are typically used as a first line of defense. Otehr treatments include, tramadol, gabapentin, amantadine, Adequan
Q: What cats are more likely to be affected by hip fractures?
A: Young male cats are most commonly affected by fractures of the hip joint. Siamese cats are predisposed.
Q: What treatment is recommended for elbow luxation in cats?
A: Closed reduction is attempted first in simple dislocations. Surgical treatment may require open reduction, ligament repair and fracture repair.
Q: How is cranial cruciate ligament injury diagnosed in cats?
A: Clinical signs, radiographic changes, surgical findings
Q: What treatments are recommended for cats suffering from a tear of the CrCL?
A: Extracapsular prosthetic ligament or TPLO
Q: How do you diagnose and treat meniscal tears in cats?
A: Examine meniscus at surgery, distract stifle, magnification recommended, probe meniscus, treat by partial meniscectomy
Q: What muscle and tendon injuries are seen in cats?
A: Triceps tears, serratus ventralis tears, achilles tears
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